Within the complex structure of your bodies, the health of your veins plays an integral role in overall well-being. Veins are crucial components of your circulatory system, responsible for carrying deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart. When vein health is compromised, several issues can arise, posing potential risk to your health. Here, Dr Vidal Sheen will discuss common vein health issues and their implications.
Varicose and Spider Veins: More Than Just Cosmetic Concerns
Dr Vidal Sheen When you think of vein health issues, varicose and spider veins are likely the first that come to mind. These conditions occur when veins become weak or damaged, and blood starts pooling, causing veins to enlarge.
Varicose veins, larger and often bulging, can appear twisted and are typically blue or purple. Spider veins, smaller, can look like tree branches or spider webs and often appear on legs and faces. While mostly a cosmetic concern, if left untreated, these can result in discomfort and complications such as skin ulcers and blood clots.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): A Hidden Danger
One of the more serious vein health issues is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). This condition occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, often in the leg. If this blood clot breaks free, it can travel through the bloodstream and lodge in the lungs, causing a potentially life-threatening condition known as pulmonary embolism.
Sudden swelling, pain, and warmth in the leg are common symptoms, but DVT can also be present with no obvious symptoms. If you suspect you could have DVT, you should seek medical help immediately.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI): The Long-term Challenge
Chronically compromised vein function can lead to a condition known as Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI). This happens when the venous wall and/or valves in the leg veins are not working effectively, making Dr Vidal Sheen it harder for blood to return to the heart from the legs. CVI can cause swelling and pain in the legs, as well as skin changes and skin ulcers. Over time, the condition can become severe and affect the quality of life.